Monday, 23 May 2011

java program to copy a file to another destination


import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;

public class CopyFile {

    public static void copy(String source, String destination)
            throws IOException {
        File source_file = new File(source);
        File desti_file = new File(destination);
        FileInputStream fis = null;
        FileOutputStream fos = null;
        byte[] buffer;
        int byte_read;

        try {

            /* first check that file exists or not. */
            if (!source_file.exists() || !source_file.isFile()) {
                throw new ClassException("No source file found : "+source);
            }

             /* check that the file is readable or not. */
            if (!source_file.canRead()) {
                throw new ClassException("Source file is unreadable: "+source);
            }
           
            /* If the destination exists, make sure it is a writeable file and ask before
             overwriting it. If the destination doesn't exist, make sure the directory
             exists and is writeable.*/
            if (desti_file.exists()) {
                if (desti_file.isFile()) {
                    DataInputStream in = new DataInputStream(System.in);

                    if (!desti_file.canWrite()) {
                        throw new ClassException("Destination is unwriteable : "+destination);
                    }
                    System.out.print("File " + destination + " already exists. Overwrite?(Y/N): ");
                    System.out.flush();
                    String response = in.readLine();
                    if (!response.equals("Y") && !response.equals("y")) {
                        throw new ClassException("Wrong Input.");
                    }
                }
                else {
                   throw new ClassException("Destination is not a normal file: " + destination);
                }
            }
            else {
                File parentdir = parent(desti_file);
                if (!parentdir.exists()) {
                    throw new ClassException("No Destination directory exist: " + destination);
                }
                if (!parentdir.canWrite()) {
                    throw new ClassException("Destination directory is unwriteable: "
                            + destination);
                }
            }

            /* Now we have checked all the things so we can copy the file now.*/
            fis = new FileInputStream(source_file);
            fos = new FileOutputStream(desti_file);
            buffer = new byte[1024];
            while (true) {
                byte_read = fis.read(buffer);
                if (byte_read == -1) {
                    break;
                }
                fos.write(buffer, 0, byte_read);
            }
        } /* Finally close the stream. */
            finally {
                           
                fis.close();
                fos.close();             
        }
        System.out.print("Last modification date of destination file : ");
        System.out.println(new Date(desti_file.lastModified()));
    }

    /* File.getParent() can return null when the file is specified without a directory or
    is in the root directory. This method handles those cases.*/
    private static File parent(File f) {
        String dirname = f.getParent();
        if (dirname == null) {
            if (f.isAbsolute()) {
                return new File(File.separator);
            }
            else {
                return new File(System.getProperty("user.dir"));
            }
        }
        return new File(dirname);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        if (args.length != 2) {
            System.err.println("Wrong argument entered. Try Again......");
        }
        else {
            try {
                copy(args[0], args[1]);
            }
            catch (IOException ex) {
                System.err.println(ex.getMessage());
            }
        }
    }
}

class ClassException extends IOException {

    public ClassException(String msg) {
        super(msg);
    }
}
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